I. Multiple-choice:

1. Brazil produces more cars than the following country:

O U.S.

O Great Britain

O Mexico (Right answer)

O Germany

O China

2. The currency of Brazil is called:

O Real (Right Answer)

O Cruzeiro

O Cruzado

O Riel

O Pataca

3. The following is something Brazil is NOT famous for:

O Bypassing the giant drug companies to produce cheaper, generic AIDS medicine.

O Giving to the world the classical composer Heitor Vila-Lobos.

O Revolutionizing the music world by creating a new sound, “bossa nova.”

O Producing famous soap operas, known as “telenovelas,” which are broadcast around the world.

O Being the first country in South America to elect a female president. (Right Answer)

4. Which country is NOT among the top 10 most populous in the world

O China

O Russia

O Japan

O India

O Brazil

Right answer: NONE. The top 10 are: 1. China 2. India 3. United States 4. Indonesia 5. Brazil (about 200 million) 6. Pakistan 7. Bangladesh 8. Nigeria 9. Russia 10. Japan.

5. Which city is NOT among the top ten most expensive cities in the world for expats?

O Tokyo, Japan

O Moscow, Russia

O N’Djamena, Chad

O New York, U.S.A. (Right answer)

O São Paulo, Brazil

The top 10 are: 1. Luanda, Angola 2. Tokyo, Japan 3. N’Djamena, Chad 4. Moscow, Russia 5. Geneva, Switzerland 6. Osaka, Japan Zürich, Switzerland Singapore 9. Hong Kong 10. São Paulo, Brazil.

II. True or False:

1. Brazil is the 6th largest economy in the world, having surpassed the U.K. at the end of 2011 in terms of GDP.  True

2. The Amazon basin covers some 60% of Brazil’s surface.  True

3. São Paulo is the second most populous city in the world. Depending on how you count, it could either be True or False.

4. 5% of the population in Brazil owns 85% of the country’s wealth.  True

5. Outside of the G-8, more scientific papers from Brazil are quoted than from any other county.  True

6. Brazil’s land area is bigger than that of Continental United States.  True, by 3.2 square miles.

7. The Amazon represents over half of the world’s remaining rainforest.  True. 8.5 million square kilometers. Brazil has the largest reserves of tropical forest, freshwater, and bio-diversity in the world. 

8. There are 200 nations within the country we call “Brazil.”  True

9. The Amazon River is the longest river in the world.  False, according to most experts. The Nile is the longest. The Amazon is bigger in the volume of water and it is the widest — 5 miles in dry season, 15 miles during the flooded season. 

10. The Amazon River is the largest river in the world in volume of water with an average discharge greater than the next seven rivers combined.  True. 60 million gallons poured into the Amazon every one second. Enough water flows out of the Amazon each day to keep NYC going for 12 years!

11. More than one-third of all species in the world live in the Amazon rainforest.  True

12. The current President of Brazil is the daughter of a Bulgarian immigrant.  True

13. Cocoa, beef, sugar cane, coffee, orange juice are just a few examples of commodities that Brazil is the #1 producer in the world.  True. Brazil is also the main producer of iron ore, biofuels (bio-ethanol in particular). 

14. Through Embraer, Brazil is the third largest aircraft manufacturer in the world.  True

15. In spite of its great economic progress, Brazil is still ruled by a military dictatorship.  False

And more: At least 80% of the developed world’s diet originated in the tropical forest. Examples: avocados, coconuts, figs, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, bananas, pineapples, mangos, tomatoes; vegetables, including potatoes, rice, corn, winter squash and yams; spices like black pepper, cayenne, chocolate, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, sugar cane, turmeric, coffee and vanilla; nuts, including Brazil nuts and cashews. 

“Vincristine,” extracted from the rainforest plant Periwinkle, is one of the word’s most powerful anticancer drugs. 25% of active ingredients in today’s cancer-fighting drugs come from organisms only found in the rainforest.

Winners will be announced tomorrow. Stay tuned!

Ivanildo C. Trindade